Pantothenic Acid Sources, Functions, Deficiency and Overdose

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If you often feel fever and numbness in your feet, in addition to possibly suffering from vascular dyskinesia, don’t ignore another cause of the disease, lack of pantothenic acid.

The main food sources of pantothenic acid

Pantothenic acid is commonly found in daily foods, such as duck liver, wheat bran, avocado, seaweed, tomatoes, etc.

Main physiological functions of pantothenic acid

Pantothenic acid derivatives are the active substances of coenzyme A and acyl carrier protein. They are involved in the biosynthesis of fats and membrane phospholipids, the production of cholesterol and bile salts, the synthesis of vitamins A and D, the production of porphyrin and corrin ring, and the participation of acetyl-CoA The acetylation of ethanol, ammonia, sugars, and amino acids produce neurotransmitters, liver detoxification substances, glycoproteins, and glycolipids, which are conducive to DNA stability and reduce cell damage caused by oxygen free radicals. As the active substance of acetyl carrier protein, it participates in the physiological activities of binding and transferring acyl groups.

Harm of pantothenic acid deficiency and overdose

Deficiency: Because pantothenic acid is ubiquitous in animal and plant foods, it is quite rare for people to suffer from dietary nutrient deficiency, except for long-term consumption of pantothenic acid-deficient semi-synthetic diets or the use of pantothenic acid anticaking agents. Severe deficiency will cause symptoms such as fatigue, gastrointestinal discomfort, mood disorders, fever in hands and feet, numbness, decreased insulin sensitivity, and decreased antibody production.

Overdose: People have a good tolerance for pantothenic acid and occasionally have mild diarrhea.

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